By J L Bintliff
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Additional info for A companion to archaeology
More specifically, it appeared that in the early phases the diversity of the ceramic assemblage in terms of its decoration was less than would be expected under the neutral model, while in the later phases it was greater. This indicated the existence of some directional selective forces acting on ceramic production decisionmaking, thus leading to the departure from neutrality: to the rejection of novelty (or conformist transmission) in the early phases and a much more positive attitude towards it in the later ones.
The latter authors cite a number of anthropological cases where such core traditions are maintained over long periods. One example is a study by Rushforth and Chisholm (1991) on linguistic groups of the Athabaskan language family, whose social behavior was linked to the language spoken because they were related historically by culture birth. They concluded that the cultural values of these groups were ‘‘genetically related’’ to one another, since they ‘‘originated in and developed from a common ancestral cultural tradition that existed among Proto-Athabaskan .
Indeed, Conclusion Analytical Archaeology argued for the centrality of describing and explaining diachronic patterns in the archaeological record at a series of different hierarchical levels and suggested that there were general processes operating which produced regularities in how such patterns developed over time. As the quotation at the head of this chapter indicates, it also insisted on the importance of people’s interactions with the humanly constructed material world around them in creating their identities.
A companion to archaeology by J L Bintliff