Read e-book online A Discourse for the Holy Grail in Old French Romance PDF

By Ben Ramm

ISBN-10: 1843841096

ISBN-13: 9781843841098

ISBN-10: 1846155347

ISBN-13: 9781846155345

The Holy Grail made its first literary visual appeal within the paintings of the twelfth-century French poet, Chr?tien de Troyes, and keeps to fascinate authors and audiences alike. This research, supported by way of a theoretical framework in accordance with the psychoanalytic works of Jacques Lacan and the cultural concept of Slavoj Zizek, goals to strip the legend of a lot of the mythological and folkloric organization that it has obtained over the centuries, arguing that the Grail can be learn as a symptom of disruption and obscurity instead of fulfilment and revelation. targeting thirteenth-century Arthurian prose romances, l. a. Queste del Saint Graal and Perlesvaus, and drawing broadly at the wider box of outdated French Grail literature together with the works of Chr?tien and Robert de Boron, the publication examines the non-public, social and textual results produced by way of encounters with the Grail with a view to recommend that the Grail itself is instrumental not just in developing but additionally in anxious, the discursive, psychic and cultural bonds which are represented during this complicated and pleasing literary culture. BEN RAMM is examine Fellow in French, St. Catharine's university, Cambridge.

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Beyond Four Discourses? Perhaps the most crucial feature of Lacan’s discourse structures – deemed by Verhaeghe to represent ‘the most important and the most difficult part of the whole theory’61 – is absent from the original elaboration in book 17 of the Séminaire, and does not appear until book 20. This deceptively simple development consists in the addition of two arrows to the discourse algorithm: the one on the upper level pointing from the position of the agent to the other, marked ‘Impossibilité’; whilst that on the lower level, labelled ‘Impuissance’, points from the product to the truth (see S20, p.

59 Even if the master signifiers of this discourse are now produced by the subject rather than being imposed upon him, the circularity of the discourse matheme nevertheless ensures that the tyranny of the master signifier is never fully overcome, but forever anticipates its imminent return to hegemony. In Chapter 4 I focus upon concepts of alienation and separation, the two operations which, for Lacan, define the subject’s relationship to the Other, as they are enacted in the Grail narratives. The narrative theme of dreaming provides the optic through which to view episodes of subjective destitution, moments at which the subject withdraws from the symbolic order, from both the Perlesvaus and the Queste; episodes in which the subject’s assumption of his non-identity and his relation to master signifiers can be used to illustrate the workings of the discourse of the Analyst.

28 BEN RAMM If Lacan’s four discourse mathemes operate as points de capiton, can we then conclude that they similarly perform the function of phobic objects/metaphors, condensing and displacing the underlying source of anxiety? This hypothesis would certainly seem to be substantiated on the basis that the phobic metaphor is essentially the hallucination of a nothing, of a lack. 74 The Grail, Love and Agalma: Filling out Nothing If, as posited above, Lacan’s four discourse mathemes aspire to a quasi-hermeneutic circularity, and the discourse of the Grail is not a structured, fifth discourse, but rather is constructed out of the amorphous remnants of discourse that resist integration into this circularity of meaning, then where is the existence, or indeed the persistence, of this other discourse to be registered?

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A Discourse for the Holy Grail in Old French Romance (Gallica) by Ben Ramm

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