By Norma Romm
In this ebook i've got focused on drawing realization to numerous conceptions of responsibility that would be dropped at undergo in judging the perform of social learn. a lot of the publication is geared up round making specific the assumptions that effect what counts as “proper” learn in society, together with assumptions approximately how social inquirers should be held responsible. My concentration is on reviewing discourses round the perform of “professional” inquiry, with the intention to reconsidering the way humans create expectancies for dependable social inquiry. My concentration hereon is said to my crisis that the style during which judgments approximately researchers’ responsibility are made, isn't with out social outcomes for our lifestyle in society. i've got approached the problems via starting with a dialogue of tenets of the location referred to as “positivism” (so named by way of convinced proponents), and by means of contemplating the view on responsibility that's implied through adherence to those tenets. in brief expressed, positivist argumentation means that researchers are required to “do technological know-how” in a fashion that warrants their being thought of, certainly, scientists. i take advantage of my dialogue of responsibility as visible inside positivist argumentation to explicate ways that replacement positions have arisen as methods of treating responsibility concerns. via my manner of evaluating some of the positions, i'm hoping to supply a few indication of the complexity ofethical and responsibility matters in social inquiry.
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Here are a few excerpts.
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Additional info for Accountability in Social Research: Issues and Debates
This view suggests that “researchers must be regarded as actually constructing the phenomena they describe, on the basis of cultural [linguistic] resources available to them”. Hammersley expands on what is meant by this, namely that “their descriptions and explanations reflect their own perspectives rather than, or as much as, the nature of the phenomena they claim to be describing” (1995, p. 16). Hammersley points out that such a constructivist position amounts to arguing that scientific inquiry cannot justify any claims to describe or explain realities existing The Practice of Social Science 35 outside of the knowing process.
But the way in which scientists can be rendered accountable (and assessed for their accountability) in the light hereof has not been given sufficient attention. According to scientific realism, it would seem that accountability of researchers implies their pursuing the possibility of developing an informed account of underlying structures constituting reality. But according to non-foundationalism, the appeal to rationality via “retroduction ” makes it almost impossible to assess the accountability of scientists in any coherent fashion.
Hammersley and Gomm note that sometimes constructivists attempt to justify their epistemological position on moral grounds. 4). But Hammersley and Gomm argue that by attempting to justify the position on moral grounds, constructivists simply assert the superiority for their position, judged in terms of their own standards of ethical conduct. 5). They propose that instead of 36 Chapter 2 discarding non-foundationalism for its supposed moral inferiority, it would be better for people to engage with the arguments that they have advanced for it.
Accountability in Social Research: Issues and Debates by Norma Romm